The title page should:
- present a title that includes, if appropriate, the research design or for non-research studies: a description of what the article reports
- list the full names and institutional addresses for all authors
- if a collaboration group should be listed as an author, please list the Group name as an author and include the names of the individual members of the Group in the “Acknowledgements” section in accordance with the instructions below
- Large Language Models (LLMs), such as ChatGPT, do not currently satisfy our authorship criteria. Notably an attribution of authorship carries with it accountability for the work, which cannot be effectively applied to LLMs. Use of an LLM should be properly documented in the Methods section (and if a Methods section is not available, in a suitable alternative part) of the manuscript
- indicate the corresponding author
Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.
The abstract must include the following separate sections:
- Introduction: short description of issues being faced and rationale for the intervention.
- Case description: description of the case and parties involved and how the intervention was analysed.
- Discussion and Evaluation: discussion of the pros and the cons, plus evaluation of feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention.
- Conclusions: summary of lessons learnt and outline of proposed next steps.
Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article.
The Introduction section should clearly describe the issues being faced so that readers understand the context. It should then explain the rationale for the intervention and should end with a very brief statement of what is being reported in the article. If possible, authors should also present alternative approaches to the one being described.
This section should describe the case, including the role of the people and institutions involved and how the intervention was analysed. Cost data are particularly useful for such an assessment, if available. This section may be broken into subsections with subheadings.
Discussion and Evaluation
This should describe the pros and the cons of the intervention, with a realistic evaluation of its feasibility and effectiveness.
This should state what was learnt, what the next steps should be, and, if possible, what contingency planning may be required for those steps.
List of abbreviations
If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of abbreviations should be provided.