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Table 3 Phase lags and ratio values for the vertical forces (Adapted from Xiang et al. 2020)

From: Review of wave forces on bridge decks with experimental and numerical methods

Case Water level
(m)
Clear-ance
(m)
Wave height
(m)
Phase lag
(s)
Fqs_cor / Fqs_max Fqs_cor / Fsl_max Fsl_max / Fqs_max (Fqs_max + Fsl_max) / Ftotal
1 2 0.29 0.36 0.031 95.8% 267.0% 35.9% 101.7%
2 2 0.29 0.42 0.107 87.9% 74.2% 118.5% 105.9%
3 2 0.29 0.55 0.247 38.1% 35.9% 106.2% 142.9%
4 2 0.29 0.7 0.212 26.9% 34.9% 76.9% 115.1%
5 1.9 0.39 0.46 0.058 90.4% 60. 0% 150.8% 104.0%
6 1.9 0.39 0.52 0.159 82.8% 26.9% 307.9% 104.4%
7 1.9 0.39 0.65 0.129 46.9% 31.3% 149.9% 127.0%