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Table 2 Phase lags and ratio values for the horizontal forces (Adapted from Xiang et al. 2020)

From: Review of wave forces on bridge decks with experimental and numerical methods

Case Water level
(m)
Clear-ance
(m)
Wave height
(m)
Phase lag
(s)
Fqs_cor / Fqs_max Fqs_cor / Fsl_max Fsl_max / Fqs_max (Fqs_max + Fsl_max) / Ftotal
1 2 0.29 0.36 0.097 79.5% 455.3% 17.5% 110.2%
2 2 0.29 0.42 0.183 64.4% 102.1% 63.1% 127.9%
3 2 0.29 0.55 0.25 50.3% 64.8% 77.6% 138.9%
4 2 0.29 0.7 0.222 100% 57.2% 88.7% 116.8%
5 1.9 0.39 0.46 0.11 70.9% 101.8% 69.5% 120.7%
6 1.9 0.39 0.52 0.19 73.0% 61.5% 118.8% 114.1%
7 1.9 0.39 0.65 0.15 46.4% 37.2% 125.0% 114.5%